What is Diverticulitis?
Diverticulitis the infection and inflammation of the diverticulum. A diverticulum is a small pouch that bulges outside of the colon walls. The term for multiple diverticulum is diverticula. Being in the state of the diverticulum is called diverticulosis. A person can have diverticulosis without knowing it. He or she can begin to feel the symptoms when the diverticula become infected and inflamed.
What Causes The Diverticula To Become Inflamed?
When small particles of difficult digestible food become trapped in the diverticula, they rub against the walls of the intestines and develop a very small lesion or ulcer. This small ulcer ignites and can often be unfavorable to bacteria that are heavily populated in the area.
Once the bacteria enter the picture, the diverticula become very inflamed, swollen and painful. When inflammation occurs, the next step is a rupture. If a diverticulum ruptures, the result can be peritonitis or infection of the interior gut, causing severe abdominal pain and tenderness, vomiting, fever, and diarrhea, as well as some other serious symptoms.
The end result of this diverticulitis is often a serious surgical procedure. This surgery also called “intestinal resection”, is the actual “excision” of the affected diverticulum. Once this surgery is performed, it is imperative for the patient to avoid further episodes since the next step is often the application of a colostomy or the removal of a large portion of the colon and the production of a tummy through or hole in the intestine from the defecation.